Demonstratives

まず軽く「これ」「それ」「これら」「それら」。

For persons
Yo – this one
Ba - these ones
Yole- that one
Bale – those ones

For objects
e- this one
tse - these ones
ele – that one
tsele – those ones

Examples
Mosadi yo o montle. - This woman is beautiful.
Dijo e e montle. - This food is delicious.
Ke batla monna yo. - I want this man.
Ke nale dibiri tse. - I have these beers.
Ke bona dinonyane tele. - I see those birds.

強調している部分で、指差す感じです。Yoとかeとか単体でも使えます。

matlhalosi / adjectives

形容詞をおさらいしましたが、こちらのAdjectivesについての記事と、名詞クラスについてある程度の理解をしていないと下の表は理解でき無いと思います。

アスタリスク(*)はStrong adjectiveで名詞クラスによる先頭の活用が無い形容詞です。

Adjetives in singular

形容詞意味例文例文

Ntle



*Maswe/ mpe
*Monate
*bosula
telele
khutshwane
kima
sesane
*Makgakga
*Maitseo
*Botho
Tala
Sweu
ntsho
*botlhale
*seso
tona

nnye


ntsi



*botlhoko

*lorato

Beautiful/ cute



Ugly/ bad
Nice
Bad
Tall
Short
fat
thin
Rude /bad manners
Polite
Polite
Green
White
black
clever/intelligent/smart
stupid
big

small,few


many,too much, much



bitter - sour

kind,loving

mosadi o montle
basadi ba bantle
ntlo e ntle
dintlo di dintle
Peter o maswe


Kula o motelele
Mpho o mokhutswane
Kefilwe o mokima
Katlego o mosesane
Tebogo o makaka
Tumisang o maitseo
Tumisang o botho

Mpho o mosweu
Kula o montsho


Ngwana yo motona o a lela.
Kgomo e tona
Buka e nnye
Katse e nnye

Ke na le madi,a mantsi
Batho ba bantsi ko shopong
Ke batla metsi a mantsi



Mpho o lorato

ntlo e ntle/setunya(flower) se sentle



tshwene e maswe
Biri e monate.
Phani e bosula.
setlhare(tree) se setelele
pensele e khutswane
kolobe(pig) e kima
thupa ( stick to beat) e thsesane



setlhale se setala
sefako se sesweu
beke e ntsho









Examples

  • I have beautiful sunglasses.

      Ke na le mazaza a mantle.
    
  • Miu likes to drink a lot of water.

      Miu o rata go nwa metsi a manis.
    
  • There are a lot of people at the desert race.

      Bathos ba bantsi ko Mantshwabisi.
    
  • Miku is very smart and she is also loving.

      Miku o botlhale thata gape o lorato.
    

adjectives in the plural

複数系の名詞に対しての例文

basadi ba banale
boPeter ba bamaswe
basimane ba batelele
bana(plural of ngwana) ba bakhutswane
basadi ba bakima
batho ba bantsho
ditunya (plural of setunnya) di dintle.
ditlare (plural of setlare) di ditala
Dibiri di monate.
dikolobe di dikima
dibeke di dintsho
dipensele di dikhutshwane

以下はちょっと複雑な「Woman who is beautiful was here.」のような文章の例文です。

Somebody who is / Somepeople who are something that is / things that are
mosadi yo montle o nwa bird
basadi ba bantle ba nwa dibiri

ngwana yo maitseo ke tumisang.
bana ba ba maitseo ke bale.

Ke rata batho ba bantsho.
batho ba basweu botlare
ke rata koloi e ntle
Ke rata dikoloi tse dintle

ke ja nama e e monate
dijo di montate

Ditlako (shoes) di dintsho
dikolobe di dikima